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春季栽植时应该注意哪些呢

网址:www.jiazanmiaomu.com  2022-01-22  作者:admin    阅读:

为了提高苗木种植成活率,我们在春季栽植时应该注意哪些呢?
In order to improve the survival rate of seedling planting, what should we pay attention to when planting in spring?
一、栽植土壤要精细
1、 The planting soil should be fine
土壤为树木提供生长的基本条件,因此土壤条件的好坏关系到树木能否健壮生长。苗圃地栽种苗木要精耕细作,栽种前需要进行较彻底的深翻,打碎大块的土块,拔出草根,深翻深度在40至50厘米,以便疏松土壤,增加蓄水保墒的能力。
Soil provides the basic conditions for the growth of trees, so the quality of soil conditions is related to whether trees can grow healthily. Intensive cultivation shall be carried out for planting seedlings in the nursery. Before planting, thorough deep turning shall be carried out to break large blocks of soil and pull out grass roots. The deep turning depth shall be 40-50 cm, so as to loosen the soil and increase the capacity of water storage and moisture conservation.
二、注意苗木的选择
2、 Pay attention to the selection of seedlings
1.观察根部,要选择根系发达,主、侧根完整,损伤少,须根多的苗木,这样的容易成活。没有须根,硬扯出来的苗木,栽后吸收水分困难,容易死亡。同时注意根部越干越好,根部湿润洒水的苗木,不好成活。
1. When observing the roots, select seedlings with developed roots, complete main and lateral roots, less damage and more fibrous roots, which are easy to survive. Seedlings without fibrous roots and hard pulled out are difficult to absorb water after planting and are easy to die. At the same time, pay attention to that the more dry the root is, the better. The seedlings with wet roots and watering are not easy to survive.
2.不要买已经发芽的苗木,已萌芽长叶的苗木,栽后根系恢复生长慢,水分营养代谢失调,一般成活率较低。不同的品种,发芽的时间不同,要根据种植时间选购苗木。
2. Do not buy seedlings that have sprouted and long leaves. After planting, the root system recovers slowly, the water and nutrient metabolism is unbalanced, and the survival rate is generally low. Different varieties have different germination time. Seedlings should be purchased according to the planting time.
3.变色、萎蔫、干枯的苗木千万不要选购。
3. Do not buy discolored, wilted and dried seedlings.

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