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草本植物难以比拟的管理优势

网址:www.jiazanmiaomu.com  2022-01-21  作者:admin    阅读:

由于小灌木是木本植物,具有草坪草、草花等草本植物难以比拟的管理优势。
As small shrubs are woody plants, they have incomparable management advantages over grass, grass flowers and other herbs.
(1)抗病虫害,抗旱,管理任务较小。由于是木本植物,根系较深,因此较草本植物耐旱。栽植后前期浇水、喷水,保证成活后,后期基本可以粗放管理,苗木荫蔽后杂草也难以生长。进入正常管理后,即使在旺盛生长季节修剪次数每月仅1至2次,比起高羊茅、早熟禾、黑麦草类混播的冷季型草修剪次数相对要少。
(1) Disease and insect resistance, drought resistance and small management tasks. Because it is a woody plant with deep roots, it is more drought resistant than herbaceous plants. After planting, water and spray water in the early stage to ensure survival, and extensive management can be basically carried out in the later stage, and weeds are difficult to grow after seedlings are shaded. After entering the normal management, even in the vigorous growth season, the pruning times are only 1-2 times a month, which is relatively less than that of the cold season grass mixed with tall fescue, Kentucky bluegrass and ryegrass.
(2)和一、二年生草花或多年生草本地被植物相比有一劳永逸的功效。为保证效果,有的一、二年生草花一年要更换2至3次;而一些草坪草除了管理费工费时费水外,一般最佳观赏期只有2至3年,若仍不更换草坪则会出现根系盘结、草坪老化等问题,影响观赏效果。运用密集栽植法栽植的小灌木,其显露在外表面的枝叶量有限,养分充足,且根系深远,故最佳效果明显、持久。
(2) Compared with one or two-year-old grass flowers or perennial grass local cover plants, it has the effect of once and for all. In order to ensure the effect, some annual and biennial flowers should be replaced 2 to 3 times a year; In addition to the labor-consuming, time-consuming and water-consuming management of some lawn grasses, the general best viewing period is only 2 to 3 years. If the lawn is still not replaced, there will be problems such as root curling and lawn aging, which will affect the viewing effect. Small shrubs planted by intensive planting method have limited branches and leaves exposed on the outer surface, sufficient nutrients and far-reaching roots, so the best effect is obvious and lasting.
(3)小灌木密集栽植造景在园林上应用时,由于主要靠修剪造型,因此土壤水肥不均造成的苗势强弱对整体效果影响不大。
(3) When small shrubs are intensively planted for landscaping in gardens, because they mainly rely on pruning modeling, the seedling potential caused by uneven soil water and fertilizer has little impact on the overall effect.

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