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绿化苗木之乔木和灌木常见的区别有哪些?

网址:www.jiazanmiaomu.com  2022-01-21  作者:admin    阅读:

绿化苗木之乔木和灌木常见的区别有哪些?
What are the common differences between trees and shrubs for greening seedlings?
乔木类
Qiao Mu
树体高大(通常6米至数十米),具有明显的高大主干。又可依其高度而分为伟乔(31米以上)、大乔(21-30米)、中乔(11-20米)、小乔(6-10米)等四级。
The tree is tall (usually 6 meters to tens of meters) with obvious tall trunk. According to its height, it can be divided into four levels: Weiqiao (more than 31 meters), Daqiao (21-30 meters), Zhongqiao (11-20 meters) and Xiaoqiao (6-10 meters).
灌木类
Shrubs
树体矮小(通常在6米以下),主干低矮。
The tree is short (usually less than 6 meters) and the trunk is low.
灌木是没有明显主干的木本植物,植株一般比较矮小,不会超过6米,从近地面的地方就开始丛生出横生的枝干。都是多年生。一般为阔叶植物,也有一些针叶植物是灌木,如刺柏。如果越冬时地面部分枯死,但根部仍然存活,第二年继续萌生新枝,则称为“半灌木”。如一些蒿类植物,也是多年生木本植物,但冬季枯死。
Shrubs are woody plants without obvious trunk. The plants are generally short, no more than 6 meters, and transverse branches begin to cluster from near the ground. They are all perennial. It is generally broad-leaved plants, and some conifers are shrubs, such as juniper. If the ground part withers during overwintering, but the roots still survive, and new branches continue to sprout the next year, it is called "semi shrub". For example, some Artemisia plants are also perennial woody plants, but die in winter.
有的耐阴灌木可以生长在乔木下面,有的地区由于各种气候条件影响(如多风、干旱等),灌木是地面植被的主体,形成灌木林。沿海的红树林也是一种灌木林。
Some shade tolerant shrubs can grow under trees. In some areas, due to the influence of various climatic conditions (such as windy and drought), shrubs are the main body of ground vegetation and form shrub forests. Mangroves along the coast are also a kind of shrub.
许多种灌木由于小巧,多作为园艺植物栽培,用于装点园林。
Because of their small size, many kinds of shrubs are mostly cultivated as horticultural plants and used to decorate gardens.
树是具有木质树干及树枝的植物,可存活多年。一般将乔木称为树,有明显直立的主干,植株一般高大,分枝距离地面较高,可以形成树冠。树有很多种。树的主要四部份是树根、树干、树枝、树叶。树根在地下。一棵树有很多根。
Trees are plants with wooden trunks and branches that can survive for many years. Trees are generally called trees, with obvious upright trunks. The plants are generally tall, and the branches are higher from the ground, which can form a crown. There are many kinds of trees. The four main parts of a tree are its root, trunk, branches and leaves. The roots are underground. A tree has many roots.
俗语中也有将比较大的灌木称为“树”的,如石榴树、茶树等
As the saying goes, there are also those who call larger shrubs "trees", such as pomegranate trees, tea trees, etc

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